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Many individuals may unknowingly have type 2 diabetes for years, as early signs of this blood sugar condition can be quite subtle, according to Dr. Khalid, an NHS GP and family doctor based in London. Recognizing the importance of symptom awareness, Dr. Khalid shared insights on his YouTube channel, highlighting seven signs that indicate elevated sugar levels in the body.

  1. Unexplained Weight Loss: Contrary to common perceptions, unexplained weight loss or loss of muscle bulk can be the initial sign of type 2 diabetes. Dr. Khalid explained that weight loss is linked to insulin resistance, causing the body to break down fat and muscle for energy when blood sugar levels rise.
  2. Frequent Urination: Excessive urination is a clear sign of type 2 diabetes, indicating the body’s attempt to eliminate extra sugar from the blood. Dr. Khalid noted that high blood sugar levels lead to sugar appearing in the urine, drawing water from the body and increasing the frequency of urination.
  3. Increased Thirst: The need to pee more frequently is accompanied by increased thirst, as the body attempts to balance fluid levels. Dr. Khalid emphasized that heightened thirst, coupled with frequent urination, warrants checking blood sugar levels for diabetes.
  4. Blurred Vision or Visual Problems: Elevated blood sugar levels can impact the eye’s lens, causing it to swell and resulting in blurred vision. Prolonged high blood sugar levels may lead to diabetic retinopathy, causing issues like blurred vision, floaters, eye pain, and difficulty seeing in the dark.
  5. Fatigue: Insulin resistance, a consequence of persistently high blood sugar levels, makes it challenging for cells to use blood sugar for energy, leading to fatigue and a lack of energy.
  6. Slow Healing: Sores or injuries that take longer to heal may indicate high sugar levels affecting blood vessels and circulation. Dr. Khalid explained that good blood flow, oxygen, and nutrients are essential for quick wound healing, and poor circulation due to high sugar levels can delay the healing process.
  7. Recurrent Itchy Areas: Dr. Khalid highlighted itchiness in areas like the groin, armpits, genitals, and breasts as a symptom to be aware of. High sugar levels increase the likelihood of fungal infections like thrush, which thrive in moist areas, and weakened immunity in diabetics can contribute to recurrent infections.

If individuals experience any of these signs, Dr. Khalid emphasized the importance of consulting healthcare professionals promptly to undergo diabetes testing. Understanding these symptoms provides individuals with the knowledge to take proactive steps in managing their health.

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