(Image: Getty Images)

Osteoporosis, a prevalent long-term condition, gradually weakens bones and renders them fragile, primarily affecting the spine, wrists, and hips. Often considered a ‘silent killer,’ patients display no symptoms until fractures occur, with common areas being the spine, wrists, and hips.

Various factors contribute to osteoporosis risk, including family history, age (50 and above), gender (more common in women due to menopausal estrogen loss), lower body weight, specific medical conditions (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis), certain medications (steroids), and lifestyle factors (low physical activity, smoking, excessive alcohol, calcium and vitamin D deficiency).

Symptoms, often unnoticed, may include severe back pain, a curved spine, and height loss. Diagnosis typically occurs after a fracture.

Treatment involves prescription medications, calcium and vitamin D supplements, and lifestyle adjustments. Medications strengthen bones, prevent fractures, and enhance the patient’s quality of life. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may help those with estrogen loss.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a calcium and vitamin D-rich diet, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol and caffeine intake, regular exercise, and weight management, is crucial in preventing osteoporosis. Some studies suggest that soy isoflavones and calcium intake may prevent osteoporosis, particularly in menopausal women.

Related Post