High blood pressure, often referred to as hypertension, is a condition that typically manifests without noticeable symptoms, making detection challenging for individuals. The only reliable method to determine if one has high blood pressure is through a health professional’s measurement. This painless and swift check reveals hypertension when the pressure in the blood vessels is too high (140/90 mmHg or higher). While common, untreated high blood pressure can lead to serious health complications.

Elevated pressure can result in hardened arteries, restricting the flow of blood and oxygen. This can lead to chest pain (angina), heart attack, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, and kidney damage, potentially progressing to kidney failure.

The Mirror reports that for some individuals, a buzzing sensation in the ears could indicate very high blood pressure. Those with a blood pressure reading of 180/120 or higher may experience severe headaches, chest pain, dizziness, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, anxiety, confusion, buzzing in the ears, nosebleeds, and an abnormal heart rhythm.

The NHS recommends that healthy adults over 40 should have their blood pressure checked at least once every five years. Individuals from African, Afro-Caribbean, or South Asian heritage may be prone to high blood pressure at a younger age and are advised to undergo earlier screenings.

Various factors can contribute to high blood pressure, including being overweight, excessive salt intake, inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables, lack of physical activity, excessive alcohol or coffee consumption, smoking, stress, age over 65, family history of high blood pressure, residing in a deprived area, or being of black African or Black Caribbean descent.

If diagnosed with high blood pressure, doctors may prescribe one or more medications to keep it under control. Lifestyle changes such as adopting a healthy, low-salt diet, weight loss, regular physical activity, and tobacco cessation can significantly contribute to lowering high blood pressure. Managing hypertension is crucial in preventing heart attacks, strokes, kidney damage, and other associated health issues.

[Note: The text has been condensed and reorganized for clarity and coherence.]

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